Traffic along the busy Nakuru-Eldoret highway was on Tuesday morning interrupted for hours after residents of Salgaa Township blocked it, accusing Nakuru Governor Kinuthia Mbugua of denying them development.
The demonstrators used old tyres to light bonfires on the road.
A county truck and a fire fighting engine were set ablaze during the protets.
They also placed boulders along a four-kilometre stretch of the road, forcing long-distance trucks to grind to a halt and leading to a heavy traffic jam on both sides of the road.
Police stood by helplessly as hundreds of residents continued with their protest while waving placards that condemned Mr Mbugua and demanded his immediate ouster.
The protesters said the area had been neglected leading to poor living conditions due to poor drainage systems, lack of piped water and street lighting.
They complained that lack of modern parking for trucks had denied them business as lorries are parked on the sides of the highway.
They also complained that lack of street lights had greatly contributed to rising insecurity in the area due to high human traffic.