A report by the Public Service Commission has revealed that the Kalenjin community got the lion’s share of public service employment followed by Kikuyus in the 2013/2014 financial year.
However, overall, the Kikuyu still dominate public service with 18,617 employees followed by Luhyas (8,822) and Kalenjins withÂ 8,275 persons.
The figures by PSC however differ markedly with independent organizations like Transparency International (TI) which recently placed the stranglehold of Kenya’s public sector as being 80% wholly controlled by two ethnic groups, namely, Kikuyus and Kalenjins.
The new figures by PSC will just add to the confusion, as it has always done, at a time many believe the government of President Uhuru is exclusionist and ethnically insensitive. Â Supporters of the regime and status quo have often lurched on merit to explain appointments which offend ethnic composition requirements anchored in the constitution.
The figures by PSC will interest scholars like Dr. Ogla Karani, who just recently published her findings on ethnic composition in the public sector.
“The Public Service payroll as at 30th June 2014 shows that out of the 236,231 civil servants, the two ethnic communities (Kikuyus and Kalenjins) accounted for 115, 633 or 46% of the public work force” revealed Dr. Karani, a sociologist, in a recent paper titled State of Ethnicity in Kenya.
In summary, here are some findings by Dr. Karani:
- The Kikuyu have 15% more than their population share.
- The Kalenjin are holding 2% above their population share.
- Conversely, the Luhyas occupy 5% less than their population share.
- The Kambas are currently less by 2%
- The Luos are currently less by 7%
- The Kisii are oversubscribed in the public service by 0.9%
- The Merus are oversubscribed by 1.6%
- The Mijikenda are less by 1.4%
- Somali undersubscribed by 2%
- Maasai less by 0.7%
- Turkana undersubscribed by 1.6%
Dr. Karani blamed this state of affairs on ‘incompetent, primitive and greedy politicians who resort to tribalism to controlÂ their voters and to perpetuate their self-aggrandizement agenda’.
The study states:
- In the current government of Uhuru Kenyatta, random sampling of the top two hundred public servants appointed since March 2013 reveal that 48% are members from the Presidentâ€™s tribe or people related to his tribe by marriage, while 33% are from the Deputy Presidentâ€™s tribe-Kalenjins thus leaving a paltry 9% to be shared among the 36 tribes of Kenya!!!
- Although the State operatives continue to talk of Kenya as one nation, and to de-emphasize ethnicity in its public statements and land policy, the unifying rhetoric of nationhood conceal unpalatable truth
- Because of deep rooted nepotism, the Jubilee (JAP) government has never gained national legitimacy.
- The rest of the forty ethnic communities resent it publicly calling it the government of two ethnic communities.
- Conversely, the members of the two communities and the government itself are spending insurmountable energies and resources defending nepotism.
- In the absence of national unity, insecurity and corruption are fast threatening Kenyaâ€™s stability and nationhood.
- The vagaries of ethnic inequality have increasingly spread its ugly tentacles beyond the public service affairs in Kenya to permeate virtually all sectors and agencies across the country even the Church.
- A report commissioned by the Office of the President, (KIPPRA, 2011) reiterated that ethnic inequality in Kenya is prevalent. KIPPRA lists â€œethnicizationâ€ of services in various sectors that include: political parties, public service, internal governance, service delivery, education, health, infrastructure and many other intermediary institutions
- Several other studies have investigated and found multifaceted relationships between ethnicity and poverty, corruption, insecurity and general social disorders in Kenya.
- In other words, there is a general insight that ethnicity is indeed the subterranean concrete on which all the problems confronting Kenya stand on
“Although many scholars conscientiously blame colonialists for establishing ethnicity and its progenies that include corruption, conflicts and other related depraving syndromes inflicting Africa, emerging studies situate ethnic inequity at the altar of the hearts of incompetent, primitive and greedy politicians who resort to tribalism to control their voters and to perpetuate their self-aggrandizement agenda” she reveals.
President Obama, while visiting Kenya, also lambasted politics based on ethnicity as politics bereft of imagination.